Understanding the different types of designers

Understanding the different types of designers

Growing up, I believed that any doctor or anyone who had studied medicine could treat any kind of disease, perform surgeries and attend to all the patients with different health problems. That, however, wasn’t the case when I fractured my leg at school. My neighbor, whom I expected to treat me because he was a doctor at the nearby clinic, referred me to an orthopedic doctor in town. It was after my leg had healed that I later came to learn that different doctors specialize in different cases of disease and health problems. Not all doctors can perform surgery, do physiotherapy or carry out dialysis.
Do you know what type of designer you are? Do you think you are an interior designer when in real sense you are just a brand expert?
Like medicine, the whole terminology about different types of designers may get confusing. Many of the designers’ jobs overlap depending on their area of interest or training. Not every designer can design a website, brand a company, do graphics, interior or fashion designing.
Designing has categories that identify a designer and for you to understand the right category you fall in, you need to understand the different types of designers.
Here is a list of the common types of designers you should know.
  1. GRAPHIC DESIGNER
 This is is the type of designer that creates visuals, images and other visually appealing elements meant to convey an idea. This includes business cards, logos, leaflets, brochures, advertising, magazine, posters invitations, and packaging. Usually, these designs are used in marketing and advertising and therefore ought to be appealing enough to inspire customers to read about a new product or service. Graphic designers inspire customers to learn more about something, to purchase or sign up. Graphic designers use software such as  Photoshop, Indesign, Illustrator, or Dreamweaver to layout pages and create images.
  1. WEB DESIGNER
 This is to go-to person whenever you need a web page, a blog template, a complete website or a mobile app design. Web designers create website pages and web interfaces for the Internet. A web designer prepares content for the web and their role is mainly to layout pages with content and styling. This type of designer majorly relies on hypertext or hypermedia resources including HTML, CSS and additional web design tools.
For web designing, you need to be well skilled in different higher-level programming languages used to create a script for the web. A web designer needs to have both graphic and technical skills to visualize how a site will look and function and be able to create good looking sites.
     3. INTERIOR DESIGNER
This is many times confused with decorators. As much as a designer may sometimes decorate, a decorator does not create a new design. An interior designer designs the various aspects of a house/building preferably according to the people supposed to use the spaces to achieve a much healthier and a pleasing environment for the users. The rooms and spaces interior designers create, vary from simple indoor and outdoor environments to hotel lobbies and lavish mansions. The spaces created needs to be attractive, functional and also safe. Interior designers use the art of color pallets, decoration, furniture placement, and functional decor to create spaces. An interior designer is supposed to have good elements of window treatment, flooring, artwork, and lighting to be able to create a look that will impress the client’s needs.
  1. FASHION DESIGNERS
Fashion designers play a big role in how people look and contribute to the creation of pieces of clothing and accessories used all over the world.
If you are looking for someone to create new fashion trends for you, a fashion designer is the right person for you. A fashion designer makes use of existing fashion trends and materials to produce a new design and product. He/she takes inspiration from the environment around them to create new fresh designs. They study trends and sketch the initial clothing and initial accessory design and oversee the garment production process from sketch to final manufacturing. Fashion designers are also responsible for duties such as sewing and pattern making. This calls for a good knowledge of colors and textiles.
     5. UI/UX DESIGNER
These are two different types of designers that are crucial to an IT product and therefore need to work closely together. A UX designer focuses on how something works and how people interact with it. They explore how different approaches to solving a specific problem to create the best user interaction. UX designers make sure that a product makes sense to the user by creating a path that logically flows from one path to the next.  A UI designer, on the other hand, focuses on the look and layout. The UI designer ensures that each path created by the UX designer visually communicates that path. UI designers are also responsible for creating a cohesive style guide and ensuring that a consistent design language is applied across the product.
UX designer needs to know to execute, facilitate and analyze data while the UI designer needs to know composition, graphic design, typography, and branding to make an interface have its own identity and shine. The boundary between UX and UI designers is blurred and it is common for them to be combined.
  1. MOTION GRAPHIC DESIGNER
This is a person who creates artwork for the web, television or film.this includes trailers, movie clips, title sequences, and commercials. Motion graphic designers use animation, visual effects and other cinematic techniques to bring life to their creations. The designs made get to tell a story that a static image never could and the viewer gets to see the world in which the design lives. Other projects include; multimedia campaigns, promotion products, technical illustrations, computer artwork, and post-production work. As a motion graphic designer, you are an integral part of every stage in the creative process, from conceptualization to storyboard and editing.
Still, Design is a broad term carrying a large number of designers under its umbrella. You don’t have to be alarmed if you don’t find yourself in any of the listed areas. The designers’ canvas stretches to other designers such as; Industrial designers, and architectural designers.
I hope that by now, you know the kind of designer you are or want to be. With the pace of change not slowing, you need to understand yourself, the skills and experience you have to be able to understand the world you are designing.
Share with us the type of designer you are and where you are in your design discovery journey!

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